We have been led to believe that the ghetto culture is wholly negative, and there is nothing positive about it. But this notion is not true. There are some positive aspects in ghetto culture. And whenever we think about the ghetto culture, it is important for us to focus on these positive aspects. We need to do this, while always reminding ourselves one thing: that many of the people who find themselves living in the ghettos are not there by choice. It is circumstances that force them to be there. The ghetto culture arises as those people try to adopt to the circumstances they find themselves in. The positive aspects of ghetto culture include:
- Resilience: the people who live in the ghettos tend to be highly resilient individuals. This resilience grows over time, as the people try to cope with the vagaries that are thrown their way. The resilience is then inherited, and improved with each subsequent generation.
- Ambition: contrary to the widely held opinion, the people who live in the ghetto don’t lack ambition. They are (typically) very ambitious individuals. Some go to great lengths, to improve their lives. It is just that the ‘system’ seems to be against them. That is why, for instance, if a company like Nordstrom is setting up a new store, you are likely to find a good number of people from the surrounding ghettos looking for work there. Such individuals tend to go to great lengths, in their Mynordstrom sign up attempts. That is to say that they go to great lengths, showing up for interviews and networking with the ‘senior people’. All this they do trying to get jobs at Nordstrom: which would then give them unfettered Mynordstrom access. You simply can’t accuse them of lacking ambition.
- Community life: whereas life in the ‘better’ suburbs tends to be individualistic, life in the ghettos on the other hand tends to be communal. People share the little they have. People are always there to cheer each other up. People tend to be more accepting in the ghettos and community life there is generally strong.
- Vibrancy: ghetto life tends to be more vibrant than life in the so-called ‘better’ suburbs. This is largely due to the close proximity with which people are forced to live in the ghetto – unlike the ‘better’ suburbs, where there are picket fences and gates to separate the people.
There are some 4 ways in which you can study a nation‘s culture. In this context, culture would be best defined as a people‘s way of life. Thus, there are some 4 ways in which you can get to know more about a nation‘s way of life. Without any further ado, those 4 ways include:
- By interacting (directly) with the nation‘s citizens: the best way to study a nation‘s culture would be by simply touring the nation, and getting to interact directly with the nation‘s people. By watching the people and listening to them as they chat with one another, you soon get deep insights into their way of life. This, by the way, would also be the best way to study an organization‘s culture. Like if, for instance, you wish to understand the Lowe‘s organizational culture, the best thing to do would be to get a job there: whereupon you would also be allocated an account at the Myloweslife.com portal. Through your day to day interactions with co-workers (including the supervisors and the managers), you‘d soon learn a great deal about the organization‘s culture – more than what you‘d have learnt in any other way.
- By reading literature from the nation: literature has been described as a ‘mirror of the society‘. This means that by reading through a nation‘s stories, novels and plays, you can soon get to know how the people in that nation live – that is, their culture.
- By watching movies from the nation: if you don‘t feel like reading a nation‘s literature in your bid to learn more about the nation‘s way of life (culture), a good alternative would be to watch movies from the nation. Watching a movie is less involving than reading a novel, meaning that this is the easier option.
- By listening to the nation‘s music: people usually express their deepest yearnings and fears through music. Therefore, by listening to a nation‘s music, you‘d get to learn about the people‘s aspirations, fears, yearnings – and generally about how they go about their lives.
There are 5 key steps you need to follow, while seeking to acquire a masters degree in cultural studies. In today’s article, we will be highlighting those 5 key steps. By the end of it all, you will (hopefully) have gotten an opportunity to see just how easy it is to acquire a masters degree in cultural studies. Without further ado, if you wish to acquire a masters degree in cultural studies, you need to:
- Find a university offering a masters program in cultural studies: there are numerous universities all over the world offering masters degree programs in cultural studies. You are therefore bound to be spoilt for choice, while selecting the specific program to enroll for. The most important thing here is to carry out proper research, to ensure that you enroll for the best possible program.
- Find the money to finance your masters degree studies: you can finance your masters degree program using a scholarship. Or you can take a loan, to finance the masters degree program studies. At yet another level, you can decide to use your own personal resources, to finance your studies. If, for instance, you are currently working for Walmart, you can visit the Walmart1login page, sign into your Walmart employee account, and go through your pay stubs — to see if what you earn is enough to finance your fees for the masters degree program. While at it, you can also check your Walmart1 schedule, to see whether you will have enough time off-duty to allow you to study for the masters degree.
- Enroll for the degree program: here, there are two key things you need to do. First you apply for the program. Then if your application is accepted, you go ahead and actually enroll (as a graduate student) at the university where you will be studying for the masters degree program in cultural studies.
- Complete the necessary coursework: in most of the masters degree programs in cultural studies, you have to complete certain coursework, before you can graduate. So you will find yourself having to attend lectures and sit exams.
- Complete the necessary research project: in most of the masters degree programs in cultural studies, you have to complete a research project, and submit a thesis or dissertation, before you can graduate. You will therefore probably find yourself having to identify a research project, and work on it satisfactory, in order to earn your degree.
What are the career options for a person with a degree in cultural studies? That is a question that comes up from time to time, especially in career fairs that are attended by students of liberal arts. In answering this question, we usually point out that (contrary to the widely held view), there are actually many good career prospects for a person with a degree in cultural studies. Those include:
- Working for the government: A person who has a degree in cultural studies can opt to work for the government, in one of the departments that deal with cultural issues.
- Working for a non governmental organization: A person with a degree in cultural studies can opt to work for a non governmental organization, as an advisor on cultural issues. Here, one would effectively be working as a ‘consultant’. In fact, one can also set up an independent consultancy. With a good cultural consultancy, one wouldn’t be short of clients. Even private companies would be consulting him. Like if, for instance, a company like UPS wants to set up an office in the country, they may need to consult an expert on cultural issues, to understand what the national culture is like. The company may, for instance, be considering setting up an employees portal, akin to Upsers.com — that is, the UPS staff portal that is accessible through the UPSers login screen. But just before putting up such a portal, they may want to know what the local cultural attitudes are like, how the local staff are likely to respond to such a portal… and so on. As a person with a degree in cultural studies, you’d be well placed to serve as a consultant in that scenario.
- Working as a tour guide: A person with a degree in cultural studies can join a tour company, to serve as a tour guide. Then having gained a foothold in the tourism industry, he can eventually work his way up, to join the management and maybe even set up his own tour company.
- Joining the academia: a person who has a basic degree in cultural studies can opt to join the academia as a tutorial fellow (if he graduated with a very good GPA). Then he can eventually work his way up, obtaining more degrees along the way, to end up as a fully tenured professor, with a decent paycheck. With the right commitment (and with good networking skills) one can make the journey from being a tutorial fellow to being a fully-tenured professor in 10 to 12 years.
There are certain ways in which a nation’s culture can be changed. Thus, contrary to what some people think, it is actually possible to change a nation’s culture. And that applies whether you are looking at a nation of two million people or a nation of one billion people. Granted, changing a nation’s culture is not easy, but it can be done. In today’s article, we will be looking at some 3 specific ways in which a nation’s culture can be changed. And without further ado, those 3 ways in which a nation’s culture can be changed include:
- Through the use of the media: the media is a very powerful tool, when it comes to shaping people’s opinions. Through the careful (and consistent) placement of certain content in the media, it is possible to attain certain cultural changes within short durations of time. Of course, the proposed cultural changes are always bound to encounter some resistance. After all, even minor changes, in organizational settings, always encounter resistance. Like if, in an organization, employees are told to shift from manual paychecks to online paychecks (through, let’s say, Securitasepay.com), resistance is bound to be there. This is notwithstanding the fact that the shift from manual paychecks to the web-based Securitas Epay paychecks would surely be beneficial to the employees. So even minor cultural changes, in controlled organizational settings, always run into resistance. How much more, then, is the resistance to be expected when trying to implement national cultural changes? Yet with the assistance of the mass media — which the people tend to be very fond of — it is easy to get the desired cultural changes gradually.
- Through the use of the educational system: this simply entails changing the curriculum, to ensure that the kids are ‘indoctrinated’ into a certain way of thinking. Some may argue with the ethics of it but that is the way things are done. It lays the foundation for a major cultural shift. If it is done in the right way, it can, within a generation, lead to an almost ‘automatic’ cultural change.
- Through the use of the law: if you outlaw certain (major) things that were previously perceived to be legal, and you legalize certain (major) things that were previously perceived as being illegal, the net effect will be a cultural change. You can see this effect in societies that are colonized – where, thanks to the laws that come with colonization, major culture shifts take place within a few years. You can also see this effect in nations that have managed — through the use of legislation — to get rid of cultures of corruption, criminality, impunity… and so on. So it is something that can be done. Of course, the legislation has to be followed by thorough enforcement of newly-created laws: otherwise the desired cultural change won’t happen on account of legislation alone.
There are several things you need to do, to create a positive workplace culture. In today’s article, we will be focusing on those things that you need to do, if you wish to end up with a positive workplace culture. The most important thing here is for you to appreciate that you won’t get a positive workplace culture by default. You will have to put in some effort, to get a positive workplace culture. Without putting in the necessary effort, what you will get (by default) is a negative, toxic workplace culture: which is not conducive to optimum productivity. So some of the specific things you need to do, to create a positive workplace culture include:
- Discouraging workplace gossip: this is just a matter of emphasizing, during employee orientations, that workplace gossip is not tolerated in your organization. Then you need to have refresher sessions, during which the employees are reminded of this rule. Otherwise if you allow workplace gossip to take place, the employee will start hating and disrespecting one another – ultimately leading to lots of negativity.
- Creating avenues through which workers can channel complaints: if the employees have no avenues through which they can channel complaints, they will complaining to one another – leading to lots of negativity. This is why even big companies create portals – like, for instance, the mypremiercreditcard portal, for customers to channel their complaints. You can have a similar system, through which employees can channel their complaints. That is better than having them grumble and share bitterness amongst themselves.
- Ensuring that the supervisors treat the workers respectfully: if the supervisors treat the employees in a disrespectful manner, you can be assured that there will be a lot of negativity in the workplace. It is possible to get work done without pushing the employees in a disrespectful manner.
- Ensuring that the workers treat each other respectfully: you need to create a culture where the workers view each other as team-members, or members of the same family. This will ensure that they have respectful interactions, leading to optimum productivity. It should be possible for the employees to hold each other to account without being disrespectful.
It is possible to change a nation’s culture using education. When we talk of a nation’s culture, we are simply referring to the nation’s ‘way of life’. Culture, in its simplest definition, is ‘the way of life’. And a nation’s way of life can definitely be changed. Education can be helpful in that process, of trying to change a nation’s way of life. Education is actually one of the most potent tools you can use, when seeking to change a nation’s culture. The question that comes up instantly is as to how exactly education can be used to change a nation’s culture. And in answering that question, we come to learn that there are certain specific steps you need to follow. Those are the steps you need to follow when seeking to change a nation’s culture using education.
You need to start by identifying the specific ways in which you wish to change a nation’s culture. So this is an analytical stage. Here, you look at the current way of life (that is, the current culture), and try to figure out how it can be improved upon. The process here is more or less similar to what you would go through in the course of double your line application — where you start by analyzing the current state of your finances, before figuring out whether you can afford to take up another credit card. Similarly, before trying to change a nation’s culture using education, you have to start by taking a critical look at the nation’s present culture – and trying to figure out how it can be improved upon. You may, for instance, be in search of a more cohesive national culture, a less corrupt national culture, a more hardworking national culture… and so on. So you identify the specific changes you’d wish to see.
You then need to figure out a way in which you can change the nation’s education system, in order to bring about the desired cultural change. It may be a scenario where you just introduce certain subjects/topics into the school curriculum, in order to have the kids introduced to the new national culture. Or it may be a situation where you just have to change the entire educational system, to accommodate the desired cultural changes.
Subsequently, you need to effect the necessary changes in the education system, so as to achieve the desired cultural change. So at this stage, you implement the necessary changes in the educational system consistently — in order to see the desired cultural changes in a few years or decades.
One of the main challenges that immigrants face is that of adjusting to new cultures. A culture is simply defined as ‘a way of life’. People in different parts of the world tend to have different ways of life. Therefore, if a person moves from one region of the world to another, he is bound to encounter a different way of life. That can cause major challenges. Yet if an immigrant is to be successful in his new home, he has to adjust to the culture. That would be the first step towards integration. For ultimately, it is only through full integration that immigrants can become (fully) useful members of their new societies.
If immigrants are not helped to adjust to their new cultures, many things can go wrong. Left on their own, they may end up being totally unable to integrate into the new societies. They would therefore have to operate from the sidelines, from the shadows if you like. That may subsequently consign them to poverty. And the poverty may take a multi-generational character: when the children of the immigrants are similarly unable to integrate into the societies. These trends have been observed in France, with North African immigrants who are totally unable to integrate (though lately, the necessary interventions are being made).
Helping immigrants to adjust to the new cultures is not easy. Sometimes, once is tempted to simply let things take their course. Sometimes, one is tempted to avoid this unpleasant task. But as we have already observed, the effects of failing to help immigrants to adjust to new cultures can be too negative. So, it is best to simply bite the bullet, and take the trouble to help the immigrants to adjust to the new culture.
The actual process of helping the immigrants to adjust to the new cultures is quite straightforward, when you come to think of it. Initially, it entails helping the immigrants to deal with the culture shock. Then, after that, there is the aspect of teaching the immigrants about the rules of the new culture. Here, it helps if you know the rules of the cultures the immigrants are coming from. You’d then have an easier time, building on what the immigrants already know, to teach them new concepts about the new culture.